Iranian Medicine: Bringing ancient Therapies to Light
The practice and study of medicine in Persia has a long and prolific history. The Iranian academic centres like Gundeshapur University (3rd century AD) was breeding ground for the union among great scientists from different civilizations. These centres successfully followed their predecessors’ theories and greatly extended their scientific research through history. Persians were the first establishers of modern hospital system. In recent years, some experimental studies have indeed evaluated medieval Iranian medical remedies using modern scientific methods. These studies raised the possibility of revival of traditional treatments on the basis of evidence-based medicine. The Vendidad, one of the surviving texts of the Zend-Avesta, distinguishes three kinds of medicine: medicine by the knife (surgery), medicine by herbs, and medicine by divine words; and the best medicine was, according to the Vendidad, healing by divine words.